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Federal Funding Programs

While the funding table at the end of this section provides a comprehensive list of available programs, the below overview highlights some of the most relevant and widely used programs for rural EV infrastructure. These “key programs” are organized by administering agency. 

The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL)

On November 15, 2021, President Biden signed the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) which contains significant new funding for EV charging stations. Key new USDOT programs include the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program ($5 billion) and the Discretionary Grant Program for Charging and Fueling Infrastructure ($2.5 billion). The law also makes the installation of EV charging infrastructure an eligible expense under the USDOT Surface Transportation Block Grant formula program. Additionally, BIL provides funding to USDOT, DOE, and EPA for the deployment of electric school buses and ferries, port electrification, a domestic supply chain for battery production, and battery recycling, among other EV-related initiatives.


The Inflation Reduction Act

Signed into law on August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) will be the largest climate investment in U.S. history. The IRA includes provisions to revitalize American manufacturing and create clean energy jobs and provides additional resources to improve access to EVs and EV charging infrastructure. The IRA will enable several EV-related programs across multiple Federal agencies, including USDOT, DOE, EPA, HUD, and the Department of the Treasury.


USDOT Key Programs

DOE Key Programs

USDA Key Programs

EPA Key Programs

IRS Federal Tax Incentives