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Federal Funding Programs

While the funding matrix at the end of this section provides a comprehensive list of available programs, the below overview highlights some of the most relevant and widely used programs for rural EV infrastructure. These “key programs” are organized by administering agency. 

New Funding Programs for EV Charging  

On November 15, 2021, President Biden signed the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, also referred to as the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which contains significant new funding for EV charging stations. Key new USDOT programs include: 

  • National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Formula Program ($5 billion): Provides funding to States to strategically deploy electric vehicle charging infrastructure and to establish an interconnected network to facilitate data collection, access, and reliability.
     
  • Discretionary Grant Program for Charging and Fueling Infrastructure ($2.5 billion): Competitive grant program to strategically deploy publicly accessible electric vehicle charging infrastructure and other alternative fueling infrastructure along designated alternative fuel corridors. At least 50 percent of this funding must be used for a community grant program where priority is given to projects that expand access to EV charging and alternative fueling infrastructure within rural areas, low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, and communities with a low ratio of private parking spaces. 

The law also makes the installation of EV charging infrastructure an eligible expense under the USDOT Surface Transportation Block Grant formula program. Additionally, the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law provides funding to USDOT, DOE, and EPA for the deployment of electric school buses and ferries, port electrification, a domestic supply chain for battery production, and battery recycling, among other EV-related initiatives.

As program guidance is established, USDOT and other Federal agencies will make information available about eligibility, match requirements, application timing, and other details. For example, this website serves as a one-stop shop for FHWA’s implementation of the law. Future versions of this toolkit will provide more detailed information about Bipartisan Infrastructure Law programs and how rural entities can access this funding to expand EV charging infrastructure.

USDOT Key Programs

USDA Key Programs

DOE Key Programs

EPA Key Programs

IRS Federal Tax Incentives

Last updated: Wednesday, February 2, 2022