Official US Government Icon

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure Site Icon

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Implementing the National Roadway Safety Strategy

Safe Streets and Roads for All Grant Opportunity Is Open

The Safe Streets and Roads for All (SS4A) grants NOFO is open until August 29, 2024. Learn more about this funding opportunity.

Advancing Roadway Safety with the Assistance of Law Enforcement

This fact sheet provides information on advances that DOT has made to how it works with law enforcement.

Our Nation's Pedestrian Safety Crisis

In 2021, 42,939 people lost their lives in traffic crashes in the U.S. That year, pedestrians made up 1 in 6, or 7,388, of the lives lost. That is, on average, 20 people everyday who have lost their lives walking, and the highest number since 1981.

List of Allies in Action Supporting USDOT's Safety Push Surpasses 160 Members

The most recent push includes 36 State Transportation Agencies and State Safety Offices who committed to supporting the DOT’s National Roadway Safety Strategy and taking action to reverse the crisis that is killing more than 40,000 people on American...

Understanding Our Nation’s Roadway Safety Crisis

Explore interactive data visualizations to learn about the significant impact of motor vehicle deaths in our communities and where progress is being made in eliminating roadway deaths.

U.S. DOT is committed to the ambitious long-term goal of reaching zero roadway fatalities and has adopted the Safe System Approach to help address the crisis on our roadways. The Safe System Approach is the guiding paradigm of the National Roadway Safety Strategy (NRSS), and we are dedicated to implementing the actions outlined in the NRSS to move us closer to our zero deaths goal.

NRSS Action Tracking Dashboard

Explore the NRSS dashboard to follow the progress of key Departmental actions to advance the National Roadway Safety Strategy.

Why Is This a Crisis?

Over many decades, the United States has experienced reductions in roadway fatalities through successful interventions like the widespread use of seat belts and air bags in motor vehicles, effective State laws such as a 0.08 or lower blood alcohol concentration limit to reduce impaired driving, and consistent improvement of roadway design and traffic operation practices. 

Roadway fatalities declined consistently for 30 years, but progress stalled over the last decade and is moving in the wrong direction. In 2021, 42,939 lives were lost on U.S. roads. This was the highest number of fatalities since 2005. An estimated 42,795 lives were lost on U.S. roads in 2022, an increase of over 10 percent compared to 2020 but a marginal decrease of 0.3 percent from 2021. Early estimates for the first 9 months of 2023 show a continued decline of approximately 4.5 percent in the number of people dying on our roadways compared to the 9 months of the previous year. 

U.S. Roadway Deaths over Time: Moving in the Wrong Direction

Figure estimating motor vehicle traffic fatalities in 2022 showing an increase from 2019 to 2021 and a slight, 0.3%, decrease in 2022.












View the 2024 Progress report here.

What Is U.S. DOT Doing about Roadway Fatalities?

In response to this crisis, U.S. DOT adopted a Safe System Approach as the guiding paradigm to address roadway safety. The Safe System Approach holistically builds and reinforces multiple layers of protection to both prevent crashes from happening in the first place, and minimize the harm caused to those involved when crashes do occur. 

Safe System Approach

The National Roadway Safety Strategy is arranged around five complementary objectives corresponding to the Safe System Approach elements: 

Driver point of view, stopping for a person walking a bike across a road at a crosswalk.

Safer People

Encourage safe, responsible driving and behavior by people who use our roads and create conditions that prioritize their ability to reach their destination unharmed.

A street with a raised median and a marked crosswalk at a roundabout with yield signs and a school bus stopped for boarding passengers at the opposite entrance of the roundabout.

Safer Roads

Design roadway environments to mitigate human mistakes and account for injury tolerances, to encourage safer behaviors, and to facilitate safe travel by the most vulnerable users.

Two people stand examining a new vehicle on the showroom floor of a car dealership.

Safer Vehicles

Expand the availability of vehicle systems and features that help to prevent crashes and minimize the impact of crashes on both occupants and non-occupants.

School Zone sign: Speed Limit 20 when flashing.

Safer Speeds

Promote safer speeds in all roadway environments through a combination of thoughtful, equitable, context-appropriate roadway design, appropriate speed-limit setting, targeted education, outreach campaigns, and enforcement.

A fire truck and ambulance with EMS crews respond at the scene of a car crash.

Post-Crash Care

Enhance the survivability of crashes through expedient access to emergency medical care, while creating a safe working environment for vital first responders and preventing secondary crashes through robust traffic incident management practices.


The Safe System Approach is based on five elements—Safer People, Safer Roads, Safer Vehicles, Safer Speeds, and Post-Crash Care—and differs significantly from a conventional safety approach in that it acknowledges both human mistakes and human vulnerability and designs a redundant system to protect everyone.

This is a circular diagram about the Safe System Approach. On the circumference is a band with six safe system principles: Death and serious injuries are unacceptable, humans make mistakes, humans are vulnerable, responsibility is shared, safety is proactive, and redundancy is crucial. Inside this, the circle is divided into five sections with logos representing each section: Safer vehicles, safer speeds, safer roads, post-crash care, and safer people.

We are committed to turning around the trend in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on our roadways. The NRSS articulates new priority actions that target our most significant and urgent problems and are, therefore, expected to have the most substantial impact. It also focuses on notable changes to existing practices and approaches. 

Explore the NRSS dashboard and read the 2023 NRSS Progress Report to follow the progress of key Departmental actions to advance the National Roadway Safety Strategy.