Smart City Challenge Information Session 5 Transcript
Urban Freight Delivery and Logistics
Welcome to the on traffic information to send copies call. At this time all participants and are in a listen only mode. If you would like to submit a question, you may type your your question into the chat box. If you should acquire assistance, please press star than zero. I would like to turn the call over to Caitlin.
Good morning everyone and welcome to beyond traffic, the Smart city traffic webinar dedicated to session 5. We have a number of you here on the line today. Many of you are joining us for the first time. Some of you may have participated in earlier webinars on the Smart city topic. This is the only one dedicated to urban freight and logistics. I do want to let you know that there have been four prior webinars, all of which are available for download on our website at the Smart cities website. The information on the previous webinars as well as the link to download them will be given at the end of the presentation. For your reference, the four previous one dealt with data, architecture, and standards, automation common sharing economy user focus an acceptable transportation and the Smart city challenge application and selection process. If we are not able to answer your question day, we will direct you to this website as well as other contact information for future follow-up.
Today, we are working with the topic of freight but this fits into the larger context of the Smart city challenge. The Smart city challenge and is encouraging cities to put forth their best ideas to address challenges innovatively. These challenges could address how emerging transportation data and technology can be applied and integrated with existing systems to solve the problems that you based today in your cities. We would like to see applications that demonstrate the use of data and intelligent transportation system technology and other applications that can reduce congestion, protect the environment, were spying to climate change, and address the issues of underserved communities as well as supporting our global and regional vitality.
Phase 1 of the beyond traffic Smart city challenge is an application which is due on February 4. This application will be reviewed and the department will select five finalists will receive $100,000 a piece. That money will assist you in developing your final application to forward to compete for the $50 million prize of moving forward with Smart cities. We'll make those selections and awards will be made in March of this year of the $100,000. The face to period, in which the finalists move forward with their proposed projects, will ultimately be announced as an award in May. $50 million is coming from two sources. $40 million is provided by the US Department of Transportation and we have a challenge match the Balkan down nation for $10 million.
Advanced technologies in Smart cities can address a variety of topics. Today you will see some of the examples from the freight sector. This convergence in technology will help revolutionize transportation. It will dramatically improve safety and mobility as well as reduce costs and the impact on the environment. You see on the slide, the list of the topic areas in which date is can assist in yielding benefits. We are looking for not all of these, not specific ones, but your package, the package the best demonstrates how you would propose to move your city forward.
Our vision as we've outlined today, recognizes that you have unique attributes within your city that make your city special and helpful for the United States. Your proposal will be tailored to your cities attributes and needs. We are looking for urbanized areas where the advanced technology can move the ball forward and hopefully provide some best practices for other cities going forward.
We have provided previous webinars on different topics. We identified 12 elements that can help frame areas for improvement through technology and innovation. These will be considered when the applications are submitted through the program.
These 12 areas are outlined here. You can see they deal with everything from connected vehicles, to urban analytics, Smart grid technology, architecture, standards, and land used. There is also in vision element 9A connected with involving citizens focus. We will be having three more topics in our webinars devoted to some of these topics within this month.
Without further to, I will open the session today on urban delivery and logistics. I have a number of people here who will be presenting I would like to introduce Ms. Purnell from the Highway administration. She will speak to safety issues and we will turn to Stephen share for the Maritime administration. He will be covering a variety of congestion and supply movement issues. Ryan from the Federal motor carrier safety administration will talk about parking. We will close with Travis black and the Maritime administration.
We will be dealing with transportation in the environment.
This is a my multimodal team. We are handling and addressing different topics not all of which are -- some span multiple modes.
Together we will try to answer your questions that you may have. As opposed to previous webinars, we would like to stop after about 20 minutes per discussion and open it up for question. You can ask your questions in a timely manner or, please type them in the chat pod. We will still have Q&A at the end if you think of something later.
We may be joined at the end by Sabre -- Sarah who is working very closely with the initiative and can help answer any typical questions that you have about the initiative.
Now I would like to turn it over to Tamiko .
I'm sorry. I am not turning it over to Tamiko. I'm still speaking. I am providing a general overview of freight and logistics in United States. With respect to freight, this vision element includes the use of various technology for various benefits including reduction of congestion, safety improvement, and protection of the environment.
We have a number of freight trends that have influenced the United States and states and cities in particular. These trends will continue to emerge as populations grow. We project growth in freight as well. At this point, the countries hundreds largest metro areas are the ones who are driving national good traits. When we look at this, we see that more than 80% of all good movement are either starting or ending in the 100 largest metropolitan areas. 10% of the US trade core doors move only 90% of all goods in the US. In 2010, there were $16.2 trillion of the $20.3 trillion in goods occurring in these metro areas. As you can see, the cities generate our economic activity. Requires efficient use met -- movement of good and elimination of congestion, not only did we have to think about goods movement, but also waste from her cities and from other urban areas. We have to move the from the surrounding regions. Waste in an waste out, altogether equals a good economic economy, a good strong economy for the United States.
This is a map that shows the 100 largest metropolitan areas. Those are in all warring or pink on your screen. There is also a purple color dealing with a drive -- other metropolitan areas. The green are not metropolitan areas but still have a significant role in goods movement. These represent linked -- they are supply chains common you can see the movement across to CDs from East to West and within those urban areas and make a regions, and I also have a good deal of trade between the cities in nearby areas.
This is from Brookings report of August This is from Brookings report of August 2014. Of you have further questions, you can contact us for follow-up.
As we know, freight is mode -- multimodal. We see that we a 54 million -- multimodal. We see that we a 54,000,000 tons of freight that move across our nation every day. This multi-modal engine is imperative for us to drive our economy and our ability to compete in the global market. I will note that these statistics here, these numbers come from beyond traffic, the report that we issued last year. At the Department of Transportation, we do release new figures annually. There are some based on the latest freight analysis framework. Those projections are not reflected. We know that growth in freight is not only anticipated but revealed by these statistics and we will continue to seek innovative answers -- answers to solve our freight, goods, movement needs.
Intermodal freight transportation and falls the transportation of freight across a number of modes of transportation. It is at these connections that we can lose some of the efficiency and gain some cost. We have some safety issues. There is potential for damage or loss. In all of these things, we see a value and innovation and we hope that your presentation order proposals to the Department of Transportation will consider the many modes that operate or affect your city. For example, if you have a port in your city, you will want to take a look at those issues surrounding the port, even if it is a private port and you're a public entity. You may want to discuss opportunities for port innovation. Similarly with rail, if your grade crossing in your city or proximate to your city that affects the movement of freight to your city, you will want to look at potential innovations and technological advance -- advancement.
This is an example of the supply chain. It is a favorite of many people but there is a number of supply chains that we study here. We look at automobiles and other agricultural products and so forth. The supply chains affect how well we can get our goods to market and how quickly and cheaply and so forth. We have a list of examples of supply chain.. Perhaps your city is very integral to one of these. The next slide shows that your city might be part of the supply chain. You might be a stop along the way as goods travel from West ports like bananas might arrive and they would go to the East Coast. You might be a stop along the way. Perhaps, your part of the first and last mile distribution. Maybe your city handles a lot of goods related to a specific manufacturer. It can be critical for the rest of the nation to receive those goods.
Whether you are on the supply chain and or your part of the first and last mile delivery, we will need you to think about how to improve that movement through technical logical innovation.
One thing to consider as we look at the future, we don't expect consumer use of goods to the dam, and we expect the value of goods to increase, we do see that there may be other ways to produce the goods. 3-D printing, for example, may give us a solution to reduce some of the vehicle miles traveled or the transportation costs associated with transporting the goods. In addition, perhaps many of you engaged in online shopping last month for the holidays. Online shopping can create its own set of freight opportunities as well as challenges. Consider how the people in your city are using technology both in their consumption and their generation of freight.
Today's discussion will include an overview of safety from the standpoint of vehicle safety, geometric design of the roadways, the challenges associated with whether and we see challenges at work since as well as the timeliness of getting goods to market due to unexpected weather events.
Congestion, variety of opportunities for solving the challenges associated with congestion. As I mentioned, parking can be thought of in a couple of different ways. How're your trucks able to serve the customers and suppliers within your city? Have used provided sufficient private parking even as she thought about such opportunities as contact sensitive design. Another Islam Harel -- long-haul parking. Is the freight able to move around your city and find sufficient parking? Is the goods movement Chevron -- generated by a port or other freight hub in and around your city? These things are very good topics for cities to address in their upcoming applications. Finally, the environment. Freight can have an impact on the environment, whether it is their emissions and idling, perhaps while waiting for well house is to open and so forth or just a general admissions -- emissions through travel. We will be looking for solutions.
Now, I am going to hold questions on this until after Tamiko speaks she may address some of your questions as she talks about the challenges .
Good morning. As human no safety has been one of the top concerns that does not change. Freight transportation is involved in 13% of all transportation totality's. 300 or 3964 people were killed in crashes and all the law -- large trucks in 2013. Large tracts are not the leaders in crashes or fatalities, however it is most likely that a crash with a large truck will end up in a fidelity.
As we continue to grow in the area freight movement, so will complex in terms of traffic crashes.
There are opportunities to improve safety. Some of the opportunities line connected vehicles. Connective vehicles is about connecting all different types of systems, giving real-time information to multiple users for large trucks as well as vehicles. We can provide information to savings, we can provide Steve warnings and we can also provide information on parking availability. These types of recommendations can reduce crashes of the townies. We have equipment which has the ability to improve safety. You will be hearing a lot about this in the upcoming research with other webinars. This type of technology helps in giving us information on location, speed, direction of travel, and basic safety information.
In the future, we can also possibly share information, location of wet pavement, weather conditions, and also different transportation information.
I would like to add that this technology is available when it comes to bus transportation.
We are working on vehicles to benefit other modes of transportation.
Other opportunities, a lot of technologies existing cars but we are working on designed to make chart -- truck information more available. One is forward collision warnings. And another type of technology with V2V splice plate warning and lane change morning, intersection as well as electronic emergency brake lights.
If you body new car later -- lately, this technology exists. We are testing the ability from a technology to be available in large truck movement.
Other opportunities for application is dynamic speed, limits, this exists on I 70 in Colorado. We're also testing dynamic truck restrictions. Restructurings that you see today are things like weather warnings and this technology exists on I 25 in Wyoming.
The Wyoming project may now focus on the downhill truck speed warning system, which is known as DTS WS. It calculates the display a safety downhill speed for each passing truck waited more than 4000 house on weight.
The downgrade of a highway applies. It gives you the appropriate speed on which you should be traveling to give you a safe movement on the downslope area.
Another challenge in the urban area is geometric design. We are also familiar with context-sensitive design. This design can include turning radius, at grade crossing clearance, Road diet. In these are different types of design that help facilitate movement along her quarters. We look at the radius, this includes most intersections. Is that ACA Turnage? Are we hitting the car? How are we elevating the risks of passengers like bicycles or pedestrians walking across the street? We need to look at designs and be proactive. Doesn't have the correct radius to assist in large movement. Other things that are common occurrences on a highway is the height and width clearance. Most states have some type of battle with giving the new dynamics of how high the trucks are. Can we clear the bridges? Can we clear the tunnels? This is another challenged area for us. Grade crossings, their organizations like operation lifesaver that have been dealing with this issue for many years. What can we do at grade crossings to ensure that they can move freight when it comes to the interaction of rail and freight movement? Another challenging area but an opportunity is Road diet. This is a sensitive area. We want to make sure we have quality of life to metropolitan areas and we want to facilitate the movement of goods that come through the area. What are the challenges with row design but also making sure they continue to use it as a safe opportunity for quality of life.
Opportunity for applications that will support other challenges that I've mentioned is at grade rail crossing warnings. We can do more with electronics. We want to use technology to give warnings at grade crossings before you actually reached the grade crossing. What is the adequate distance? How do we get the information to the vehicle? The other's current speed warnings. There may be cases where we can't change the radius but we can give people proper information in an early fashion so they can make good judgments to make the turn at a safe speed.
Overhyped detections. Given the constraints. We may not be able to change the title or raise the bridge within a given amount of time. It takes times to implement a project. We can give early warnings to the drivers, whether the truck or a vehicle to make sure the transportation is safe for the truck drivers. This is about using technology to make sure we give people the information they need.
Other challenges in relate to whether challenges. There are many challenges today in terms of whether. Our weather is changing so quickly. In Washington, two days ago it was summer and now it is winter. 22% of all vehicle crashes our weather related. It could be sleet snow, blowing, slick pavement and that is always a concern. In different climates, this is a different issue. What can we do to address whether problems?
Each year trucks -- truck companies lose 32.6 billion vehicle hours due to weather related congestion. 281 of the national -- nations metropolitan areas. That is a lot to area to lose that many hours that relates to revenue. We want to focus on this area. Nearly 12% of the total estimated truck delays are due to whether. That would be in 20 cities with the greatest volume of truck traffic. These at the same cities that Caitlin pointed out in the map use all. These are vital destinations. These are areas that are be impacted or whether related delays.
An estimated cost of weather-related days of trucking companies range from $2.2 billion to $3.5 billion annually. That is a direct impact. The earlier we can get information to help us improve the information, the more money we can save in a more projects 10 impact safety. Opportunities for road whether. There are several opportunities that exist. There are also opportunities that we are currently studying. Wyoming connected vehicle pilot demonstration project seeks to improve safety and monitoring per from those performance on I 80.
Weather events common our eyes, snow, poor visibility, high wind events. Between 2002 and 2012, over 3472 I went crashes occurred.
Demonstration will develop applications that use vehicle to infrastructure connectivity to support flexible range that improves mobility for heavy vehicles.
The focus of the Wyoming project is to reduce the number of incidents and of the ants warning related incidents.
This project, you can see more information on the listed website. The secondary objective of the project will include reducing an increasing coverage of load conditions along the I 85 corridor by gathering data for equipment, snow, and trucks. We want to put technology into pre-existing trucks and vehicles that remove ice or snow or do some type of maintenance.
We want to collect data from the vehicle support management, parking, detours, and all of this is about getting information to the truck drivers early enough so that they can take the necessary precautions in terms of safety. Supporting management centers, this information will not so much be out of DOT but it will go right to the centers and and communicate with the truck drivers to make sure they get the information in a timely manner. This is so that the people who are doing the actual route and keeping track of the trucks, get the information to them as soon as possible. I urge you to go to the website and nine more about these technologies are look for ways you make incorporated into your plan.
Are there any questions?
This is Caitlin. I am looking at the chat pod. I do not see any questions in the chat pod at this time. I would like to remind people this is an opportunity for you to ask questions. We are presenting a very brief exposure to different technologies to generate some ideas and thinking among cities represented on the webinar today. Some of these may be very new to you. Since we are not going deep into the subject matter, please let us know in the chat pod if you would like more information. I do see one question has come in. Thank you Bill James. The question was since 22% of vehicle crashes are weather-related, is there a selection metrics were using PRT network that do not experience weather-related issues? If there are cities that do not get weather-related issues, I want to know where they are. I think with respect to the metrics, Sarah Parker, are you on the line? Can you answer the question?
Yes. I'm here.
In terms of the selection criteria, we have included an opportunity, the technical merit criteria. It is clearly stated there. It is city broad. I would refer you to look at those. They do include alignment with the 12 vision elements stated in the notice. I think we need to refer to the criteria as stated in the notice. Thank you.
Is that fair to say that even though we are presenting a sample here, you do not have to have an application that represents all of these opportunities.
Absolutely. That is correct. We stated that the cities may include some or all of them based on their unique situation.
Evaluation criteria review the application as stated in the notice.
Urban logistics is one of the 12. Weather is not one of the 12. You can address freight in many different ways. Some will be presented here today.
In addition, we have a question about whether the briefing is available. All of the webinar podcasts as well as the PowerPoint associated are available after the webinar is delivered. I can't give it to you at this moment. You may take it from the website following the presentation.
Mr. older ASP personal private transit system can also carry freight on tracks and not roadways. Thank you for that comment. Philip Brady, I take it as let's be more all-time noble here. That's fine.
My company voyage control provides communication via mobile apps to truck drivers who use their clout base scheduling software. Where can I find I list of companies registered for the competition and can I get this PowerPoint. I don't know that companies are registered. This is a city application.
I can address that.
We don't have a formal tool or mechanism to enable teaming between cities and potential vendors. We do have online a list of 65 cities that do comply with the population desired characteristics. That list is available on the Smart city website. Beyond that, we just encourage you to contact the city on your own in order to create renting. Thank you.
He met city and not company. There has addressed that. There was a previous question here in the chat pod about performance metrics. That was specific to energy consumed. Mike -- let's turn it into a general question. Our performance metrics handled within the Smart city's selection process?
If you look at the items requested to be in your application, it is designed to be high-level. I would have to look at the exact list in the notice but I believe one of them is potential metrics. The face to application is much more detailed as for the actual metrics you are requesting. That will be a good big part of the demonstration.
How can public agencies work with the private freight industry, planned, design, and deploy? That is a great question. It actually begs the larger question, how can you do this not just for the Smart city application? We have a number of tools in the department as -- in terms of working with the private sector. We have the biotech, which is an entity within the Department of Transportation that can help put people together for PIII opportunities. And we have federal Highway, we have other training and delivery tools. And other strategy, $0.36 state advisories. We would urge you to reach out to your state DOT to see if they can put you in touch with some of the key rate stakeholders and help look at what solutions are needed. Certainly the private sector knows what problems and challengers there are within the city and working together to come up with some other ideas, not just for this application but also for the long run.
I think we know we do not have a partnering mechanism, but is there a way to get we do not have a list of personal names. Teaming is something that you all need to create teams.
We have invited the Smart city's effort Transportation Department. I would start with Transportation Department.
The Metropolitan planning organization.
Those were a great resource for connecting if you are with the private sector and your here online and you want to connect with the people in the city. I would start with the Metropolitan Department of Transportation within the city.
Do you have a way for vendors -- I'm sorry -- related to law moral -- long-haul good movement would predict a delivery time and parking queuing be of interest to Smart cities?
Those third technology and database topic areas. To the extent that you can show improvement as a result of that, that would be something one could include an application for the Smart city initiative.
To have a way for vendors to promote their technology? We have covered that.
Can cities pose a contact information so teams can more easily form to improve the quality of the proposal? I think we will go back to the Smart city team, what I am seeing as an emerging set of recommendations that there be a way to provide partnering, whether it is just registering a list of the cities that are interested in applying, or vice versa, the companies that have technology. I do not know we can do that. I cannot commit to it but I will take the recommendation back to the Smart city application team.
Is the list of -- same thing.
Is the in person session going to be available?
Sarah, to have an answer to that?
No, there is not a list available.
Okay. Has a DOT consider pushing out the February 4 day? Back the date is fixed so we can move forward. We hope to get robust response to the applications. Given at the overall goal is not just to advance one city but really provide opportunities that can be used throughout the country. Even if we get a subset of the cities that are interested and able to pull together an application, it could provide the opportunities for other cities to learn from those practices, that would be a success. We will proceed with the timeline that we have.
I understand that these are new ideas and you may not be ready to initiate this. Others just need an incentive.
We are currently assisting a city on the Smart city application, should we include private freight companies on our team?
It is up to you. We would like to see freight reflected in your application. Some cities have more control over the freight movement in their cities. The port may be publicly owned and so forth. Others may not. Partnership is always a better way to get things done. You will be more informed and hopefully have willing participants to make a robust application.
Does the DOT have an idea of how many cities are interested?
No. We have seen dozens and dozens that have participated in the webinar. I think it would not be a wasted effort to reach out to the top 60 that was mentioned earlier.
I am going to stop the questions here. We will proceed with the next section. The next set of slides and discussion deals with congestion. We will have Stephen shaver provide the overview. Stephen, are you on the line?
Yes. Thank you. Good afternoon everyone. I'm speaking about the challenges and opportunities related to congestion. A1C user roads and transportation system knows that trucks are the engine of commerce. We see much of what they transport daily. These freight vehicles are sharing infrastructure with the passenger transportation level. They are sharing this with each other. This can create system congestion and bottleneck. The bottlenecks are most it cute and Metropolitan areas. In those areas, demands are growing as the population is growing over time. This growth in overall freight demand will put increased pressure on bottlenecks and form new bottlenecks across the country. In 2012, proximally $10 million moved 30,000 tons of freight across the country. And that is after we solve the -- the system is busy. It is used and it is doing good things. There are bottlenecks. These bottlenecks limit the performance and capacity of the system. It can delay large numbers of freight. Areas with the worst delays include major international trade and Gateway and hubs and distribution centers. These centers have major maritime port facilities. They distribute goods all around the country. Border crossings are also bottleneck. Two major Mexico border crossings comment may take an hour to get into the state.
It is complicates the first mile of goods through urban areas as well as the last mile which is delivery trucks and bringing goods to stores and areas where we buy goods for homes.
These congestion challenges create kinks in the global supply change. Trucks need to wait and wait times impact receiver schedules as well as on-time pickup and delivery goods. There are many opportunities to address the congestion and wait time issues and Smart cities. For example, US DOT state government and private sector firms have all used I has to address the challenges by creating intelligent transportation system that help with truck routing and timing.
The Department of Transportation created a pilot project called Freda's -- FRAITIS .
The freight specific timing panic planning and performance element provides communication between dry age companies, drivers along with real-time information. It facilitates data chairing to help users -- users of the system enhance their decision-making. We want to see drivers use the best route to be on time and say with creating the lowest amount of system impact as possible will -- possible.
It is a great use for ports as they plan how to get freight in and out of the facility so that businesses in your community can sell their product?.
The second element is drayage optimization. This is a bundle system and application seeking to exchange information to fully optimize the drayage operation. This one trucks running without product.
You can see the link to the intelligent transportation website. There is actually freight code available if your city does not have one of these systems in place already. We encourage you to look their. I would like to go through a simple example of how FRAITIS works. Drayage is the short goal trucking that service freight facility such as ports and getting goods moved a short distance.
These trucks are vital it is a poor function.
They enter their orders into the system.
The orders are collected and sent to FRAITIS . The whole system is put together and the orders are put together so start -- trucks move as few miles is possible to move their orders.
Once it is complete, they can review the optimization plan and approve the plan.
The approved plan has been broken up and shared with the drivers. With a pilot system they have tom-tom units in the trucks that communicated the information.
Any updates will be sent to drivers the tom-tom new was updated route the day.
And as orders are completed, they update their unit getting status updates. System such as FRAITIS pilot can help optimize operations and reduce congestion. They require an IDS infrastructure be in place. Cities might consider how they coordinate with their freight facilities in their area, drayage companies, or all of them together to create a citywide system, something like FRAITIS that can help optimize freight movement Roger area and help reduce congestion on roads and meet the needs of businesses so they can get their goods on time.
There are many other opportunities to address freight movement in and around urban areas. What is off-peak and overnight deliveries. When is limited parking, encourage truckers to come off hours or off-peak times to make the deliveries winners more parking available and less people around the facility. This can be done in a way so that when no person is available, delivery systems can be used like dropbox is. In the Senate made be provided for overnight deliveries.
And other opportunity is consolidation network. The ideas to having big distribution warehouse on the outskirts of the city limits with mother smaller decentralized facilities within the cities. You can send the goods to the warehouse and have trucks move the goods in a consolidated manner to the businesses throughout the urban area. This is a way of reducing trucks having whole trailers and making many deliveries that many stops.
It can mean fewer truck trips run your area. Cargo bikes is another idea that the is it examined in the European Union for smaller deliveries to, using bikes for delivery.
Another opportunity that we like to talk about advanced freight traveler information. It's geared to truck specific utilization. We can see on the website, it provides a truck specific information and allows them to use this information. The route is made in a way that it understands her nose the conditions that trucks need to take into account, which is different from what a passenger vehicle would need to take in account. Another citywide example is Washington DC, which has a trucker webpage which is allowed them to see restrictions for local deliveries. This is an example of something we can do or they can be done to help truckers know that the restrictions are being placed on them and help them make plans in a way that is useful and that they can avoid bottlenecks in restricted areas.
And other opportunity is dynamic routing. In her introduction, Caitlin talk about different types of freight, some would be through traffic and some going all over the notion. Summer local deliveries. These two types of good movements have different needs. You can use the I assist them in Smart cities to provide what is needed to both of them. To traffic, which can be generated by ports and other nearby facilities means there are bottlenecks to avoid and constructions and things that slow them down. Local delivery providers need signage, well-designed streets and local park -- parking. We would encourage you in your Smart city to take both of these issues into account. There is also dynamic routing opportunities, to take information from vehicles to provide dynamic guidance for on-time rerouting opportunities for when conditions might prevent truck from taking a certain route. Also, you might consider utilizing dynamic guidance and rerouting opportunities.
Traffic signal operations are another example of Smart city technology that can be used to help facilitate the flow of freight structure region. Traffic signals can utilize the Eagles to enhance freight transportation and can save time and reduce emission. You can time traffic signals to help heavy truck users not be delayed in urban environments.
These are just a few examples of the many applications that can be used to reduce great contrast Jen around the area -- reduce freight congestion around the area.
Thank you Stephen.
I am going to turn to the chat pod. I see it has been used by cities posting if they are interested in applying. It is exciting to see how many people are interested in applying. I have one question here, would it be correct to assume the Smart city initiative will do away with CV pilots as previously announced?
Sarah, I think you may be the best person to answer that.
That's a good question and it is a question for the office program. I do not have the answer to that. We will take it back to the team. We are working on a master list of the Q&A that we will be issuing of the Smart city website today or tomorrow. I can add that to the list and find out. I do not have the answer to that.
Okay. Thank you for the question. Think as many of you know, this is the first time we've ever done something under the Smart city name. It is an impact on other program that is not really apparent right now. Other questions for Stephen regarding any of the congestion mitigation or throughput and other opportunities out there?
You frequently reference Amazon. Amazon -- is talking about other types of goods movement. These are companies has DOT looked at the at a fantasy of Morgantown PRT and Kiva?
I do not know the answer that. I don't think anyone does. The question is -- it is good at pointing out that there are a lot of ways to get things done. Is whether your partnering with a big logistics company or thinking creatively about how you can get the deliveries through your cities in a more efficient way. There are three areas of focus that we are hoping to achieve with Smart city. One is to improve safety. Things that connect to vehicle technology that reduce collision and reduce the calories and injuries are very critical and integral to the Smart city challenge. Things that enhance mobility, well not necessarily freight topic, real-time travel information, offer new information to the traveler or new services that could benefit those type of initiatives, those are helpful in the Smart city challenge. Applications would also be wise to address climate change. We would like to reduce fuel use and emissions. Any suggestions that are presented in the application there would be quite useful. The first row of applications is very high level. The second, you had to be detailed enough to make it to the next round but you do not have to have these things holy worked out in order to move forward. Your detailed application in second round, if you should advance to the level, will require more detail engagement. That might give you more time to make the connections spoken of in the chat pod in the previous round. I will go back to the chat pod.
For cities interested in reducing congestion, there's a promotion by private sector entity, I will move on. Many these opportunities seem to require significant -- to have any ideas about presenting switching costs? Strategies for courting with freight companies?
That will have to come from you. You will have to generate the ideas for the applications and how you might advance them. If you're with a private sector company, if you have an idea, purge the city. Of your city and you've been working with the private sector, and you what to put it in the application, you can do that. The strategy, we have talked about this but I think many cities and city DOT's, they would know a number of the freight companies that are active in the city. Reaching out to them directly is a good idea.
Another thing we may want to consider is reaching out to your economic development developments. They are another good venue for connecting with those freight companies.
Yes. To have an idea on how to present those preventive measures are late to the city rules for freight distribution?
By city rule, I am assuming you are referencing the earlier presentation which he talked about the service delivery hours. They do very. Some cities have time of day restrictions. Some cities have route restrictions. Those to present opportunities for improvement. If you look at revising them in your pilot present -- proposal. You can look at ways to get promation out to the right distributors, but also ways to improve upon what is currently a constraining freight delivery in your city.
The development of freight consolidation centers and a mitigation settles, are examples of such centers that can be viewed as models? How do such centers differ from the operations of NX or UPS?
Freight consolidation centers are more than companies. Some may be publicly and. I'm thinking of Virginia's inland port, for example, where they receive goods by rail and truck -- trucking company center from all over. Other railroads also halt their inland port. Those of the kind of things that are beyond simply a sole provider service like FedEx or UPS. I suggest talking to yourself state DOT. Most of them also have a freight person on staff. Also, with an federal Highway, we have people who deal with freight issues. Since the application is very for, we are talking about concepts and ideas that are farther down the pipeline. I'm glad we are exposing people to new concept to the webinar. Are there any suggestions about how to corporate FRAITIS on the Smart city grant application?
There been certain venues across the country in Houston and California, the pilots allow for the software to be managed by certain entity and volunteers were recruited to help participate to make a demonstration robust. But a city could take on the role of becoming the host for the algorithm. The software is available free to the public free via our website. Anyone can pick this up. Of your freight intensive area, for example, a freight consolidation center, does not have to be a port. It could be some other entity. US the city, could choose to be the host an arbitrator of that process. You could manage the software, recruit volunteers, and keep a running. That is one way in which cities can take advantage of FRAITIS We are getting more questions.
We take questions on the phone?
This is chat pod only.
We have one. How the inclusion of freight mobility technology impact the evaluation of proposal?
This is part of the 12 elements. It would be reviewed as part of that comprehensive look at what the city has chosen to include. I'm not sure if you have a more specific question. If you do, if you need more detail, let me know. With one of 12 right now.
I do not see any more questions.
We are going to upload a web link, from FRAITIS, and you can see examples. A good strategy would be to connect with the partners that did the FRAITIS study to get ideas on how you could link that into your Smart city application. Where are uploading a link where you can find more about FRAITIS .
Mr. James offers a congressional Office of Technology Assessment study. Is offering and ideas for your consideration. We have a few more questions being typed into the chat pod.
Will take more wine and move on to the next session. Will talking about opportunities with truck parking.
Here is a link for data sharing, is a suggestion to take a look at that which would include shipping consideration for your Smart city application.
I will turn the dialogue over. He will address parking issues.
Hello everybody. Thank you for logging into the presentation today. I will expand a little bit that up and said but it will be on a more local level. As Tamiko was talking about, there were safety applications for dynamic speed limits and truck restrictions and a geometric design issues of the city, getting into the urban areas where you need to go. If you get through all of those challenges, you have to find parking, whether it is urban parking, which does not have the capacity for delivery vehicles because of their size and shape, whether it is a short articulated tractor-trailer, box truck, straight truck. Often vehicles are private vehicles and Airpark to loadings those. Big trucks do not have access to them. The design issues around that and a lack of enforcement is -- in the urban areas, there's a long-standing long-haul truck parking issues that has not surprised anybody. There is always a shortage of parking space. Even if it is just overnight or a parking space for you to wait until it's time to make your delivering urban area, it can be a problem.
The next slide, the dynamic truck parking, like the dynamic speed limits to keep trucks flowing on a smaller scale, it can tell you where you can park your track on your way or close in nearby to an urban location when deliveries need to be made. Providing truck information to truckers and providing it through apps and connected vehicle technology perhaps would be good. Another idea, using the vehicle to vehicle technology which has been mentioned before, it is on a very local scale within a 300 m range, communicating V2V, and perhaps allowing trucks and truck deliveries to get a readout that the truck spade is available two blocks away the people who were there for the last hour have left. It can be down to a very granule level, block by block, it could help people also.
Thank you very much, Brian. We did award Tiger grams 28 states in the West that had intelligent truck parking information sharing. There are some great ideas out there. I will skip the questions right now. Let's move forward to introduce Travis. Equal cover topics on the environment. Thank you JD for providing the link for FRAITIS. Thank you. Travis?
I want to point out that transportation has a significant impact on the environment. If you look at the chart on the left, transportation of counts for 27% of all greenhouse gas emissions. If you look at the pie chart on the right, trucks account for 84% of all transportation emissions. Passenger vehicles 43%, light-duty trucks or 19, freight trucks are 22%.
Given these numbers, there seems to be a significant window of opportunity for I is in general to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Trucking is the single largest contributor, compared to cars, they admit large amounts of toxic air pollutants. Trucks have made great strides in reducing emissions, they can affect human health comment particularly in residential areas. Drivers of heavy-duty trucks may boost fuel efficiency by as much as 22% by changing their driving and idling habits. The survey results indicate that truck driver training may have as much of an impact on gas emissions and vehicle weight reductions. Fuel common any improvements may save truck drivers more than $12,000 a year per truck.
After two months of eco-driving training comedy average driver improved his fuel efficiency. The highway system, its aim to his reduce or eliminate the pollution problems caused by truck traffic near the Port of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Experimental system along the -- they are demonstrating us solutions to pollution related problems along the corridor and other freight high-traffic roadways over the world. The highway consists of an overhead system that will run along the outside lanes on both sides of the roads like an overhead wire that provide power to electric buses. All electric vehicles can attach the system using automatic transfer devices called Pendergrass. Once connected, trucks will pull all their power from the overhead lines.
Fully impartially -- will improve the safety and efficiency of break freight movement. Examples include automation of trucks and speed control, breaking and other systems. First and last mile delivery is possible. Warehouses applications can be used in driverless technologies.
You can work with your port, it is suggested that ports are often an island of expertise. We encourage applicants to reach out to the reporting communities for ideas and applications. Us all.
Thank you. We appreciate that.
Now we will go back. That concludes the slides for the presentation. Will go back and ask questions. And I will give a few closing thoughts. Let's take a look at the chat pod again. If you're doubted the webinar and have questions or comments or concerns, please type them in the chat pod.
We have a comment here, Bill James has offered a link dealing with solar powered nobility -- mobility network.
I'm sorry. We also had a great offer from someone in the EU to provide a link to offer solutions from a perspective and challenges that they have delicate -- developed over in Europe. There is a methodology there for developing sustainable logistics plan. Thank you so much for offering that.
Do we have any other questions at this time?
See someone is typing.
I will say I will leave it open a little plug for questions. For more information on the beyond traffic, Smart city challenge, as we mentioned earlier, there have been four prior webinars. Those available for download along with the slides. On the website link at the bottom of the slide that you see on your computer, and additionally you can reach out to the links with the Department of Transportation, Smart city challenge office, and then any program office who is been dealing with the topics that were mentioned here today. IC more questions coming in. Regarding ports, are there any funding opportunities available at the special district level or is it all aimed towards municipalities?
This pertains to funding opportunities outside the Smart city challenge. I will ask Stephen Schaefer to provide input.
Thank you. There is department programs that a been announced in the past. We will be coming out and we will be announcing these programs over the coming months. The Maritime administration has tended vision offices. I will post a link to the website that lists the offices. There should be one in your region. They are praised of all of the different opportunities in your region for port districts and can lead you towards his opportunities.
In addition, the department will be administering the eighth round of Tiger grants. The notice of funding availability will describe in detail what the application process is for that. We have eligibility. Certainly, we have have life-support opportunities budded through Tiger in the past. We draw your attention to that, if you are looking for other funding sources.
Okay. I don't see any other questions. As was mentioned earlier, we will follow up with the Smart city team and see if they have any good ideas for ways that cities who are interested in part name with the private sector and vice versa could connect or post their interest somewhere. At this point, I think a lot of people using the chat pod to do so. Mark older said could you repost the slides with the link to the previous webinars?.
Sure. Www. Www.transportation.gov\Smart city in both sessions.
There is a link provided by Stephen Schaefer. It is contact information which is available online.
I think that just about concludes our presentation for today.
If you have further questions or comments, I would direct you to the Smart city office. Thank you so much for your participation and we wish you the next a block income -- best of luck in compiling your application.
[ Event Concluded ]