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Smart City Challenge Information Session 2 Transcript

Connected Vehicles and Automation

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Ladies and gentlemen, think you for standing by. Welcome to the beyond traffic , the Smart city challenge webinar. Please type your questions in the chat box ticket is now might pleasure to turn the conference over to Brian Cronin.

It afternoon everyone and thank you for joining us in our second series of webinars for the beyond traffic, the Smart city challenge. Today we are going to talk to you about active vehicles automated the schools -- automated vehicles.

My name is Brian Conant, Carl Anderson, trend five. We will be walking to be through these different segments of connected to it connected vehicles.

An overview of the challenge and then we will move into the different topics as defined, and we will close at the end , give you more information about subsequent webinars that we will be holding.

The Smart city challenge is encouraging cities to put their best and brightest ideas to look at how we can innovatively address the challenges they are facing as we look to population growth, moving people and goods, and multi-mobile, across the country. How we are merging transportation Davis, technologies, and how we can integrate these systems into a city and address the transportation challenges. We want to demonstrate how advanced data and ITS technology and applications can be used to reduce congestion , keep safety, protect the environment, respond to climate change, connect undeserved community, and support community vitality. Spec as we indicated, this is a fast-moving program. We inch you we issued a notice on December 7. The proposals will be due on February 4. The intent of that is for cities to identify the high level vision of how they will adjust the challenges questions posed in the notice. We planned a wart up to five channel finalists will read receive $100,000.

It was subsequently we would issue a funding opportunity to those five finalist, and they will have the opportunity to propose to be selected for one award a $40 million from the transportation dollars, tomatoes from the Vulcan foundation to implement their Smart city challenge proposal.

We are trying to look at how we bring together various technologies and effort to look at improving the safety, mobility and environment. Connected vehicle we have been working on connected vehicles for a long time vehicle automation, it's something that is ready for implementation and testing. We have the Internet of things, machine learning that are coming together. As we look at mobility on demand.

We want to bring these all together in a city and look at how they can come together to make safety improvements, mobility improvements, look admissions, and how we approve access to jobs, reduce transportation service Cross, and overall improved accessibility immobility of the transportation system.

US DOT's vision for a Smart city. We recognize that each city is unique, it has unique attributes, each city has a desire to propose their demonstration to meet the challenges. We have identified elements, 12 of them that describe some of the key technologies, strategies and systems that support a city in looking at implementing their Smart city approach. We want them to identify an urbanized area, where they are integrating aspects of the city, and play critical roles in helping the city in this though citizens with the challenges. We have identified 12 vision elements.

These 12 vision elements are organized in priority with the highest vision elements being urban automation, those provide technologies to enable these other elements. Then there's innovative approaches of how we improve the transportation system. Looking at user focus mobility, urban analytics, urban delivery and logistics. The strategic business partners that enables and brings together these different sources. The Smart grid, electrical vocation and electric vehicles and how they fit into these different strategies. And the connected involves sitting since. How does the system impact the end user and how do we make it easier for them to be a part of the system. Finally we have this Smart city elements including the architecture and standards, security, and smart land-use.

Today we are going to focus in on urban automation , connected vehicles, and the low-cost efficient security elements.

With that, I am going to turn it over to Bob who will start.

Thank you, Brian. Is Brian noted, [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] in developing your Smart city initiatives ends -- is transportation safety.

The background here is transportation safety and crashes are unfortunately continue to be [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] for our country. We have had a long history over the past two decades of crash rates and overall crashes dropping. The not so good news is we are starting to notice the flattening and even a slightly uptick in crashes in crash rates. Early dater data from [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] we might have a small uptick in crashes.

Vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death to 4 to 34-year-olds. We compare ourselves with other parts of the world, unfortunately, we are not keeping up. When you drill down into the data a little bit, we start to find that some areas that need particular attention are, what we call vulnerable road users. Pedestrians, motorcycles, as well as commercial trucks and heavy vehicles. We are having a tough time trying to get those crash rates down. That is something to consider

The reality is we have is that Mitzna has spent the last couple of decades focusing on trying to protect documents once you're in a crash. Over the last decade we have tried to shift the focus on how to prevent the crash in the first place. An ounce of prevention is is worth a pound of cure. That is what connected vehicles safety technologies are all about.

The connected vehicle initiative is about creating a technology that would allow vehicles to warn drivers in advance of a crash using vehicle to vehicle communications. We think the technology has selected advantages over traditional sensors like radar, and camera. Not that those technologies are not going to be a port part of the safety solution, but that the TV technology can augment in advance so sensors by being able to see crashes and predict crashes those other sensors have a difficult time with.

Our study suggests that because driver air is such an important factor in crashes, and because V2V , and help the driver understand, if we can 80 percent we think is transformative and on the border of airbags and seatbelts in terms of the kind of impact we think it could have.

Additional background some of the work in regulatory actions that we have been pursuing over the last couple of years, with regard to onboard sensors, as I mentioned earlier, that is going to continue to play important part of the solution for nits in addressing crashes. Just recently, this past September, that's a worked out an agreement with 10 automakers to make a standard equipment on motor vehicles, automatic braking equipment, automatic braking systems. In November we announced a program to include automatic emergency emergency braking, is part of our in Or a new car assessment program, which we believe will go a long way in increasing the availability of that technology to the motoring public.

That is sort of the state of the art, if you will, is onboard sensors. Maybe we will call it the next generation technology. Is a mention, the vehicle to vehicle. The background there is, in 2014, we made an announcement that we wanted to move for regulation in that area, later in the year , we initiate an advance notice [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. Our goal is early this next year is to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking that were required this technology on all light vehicles. The point of that is for the folks looking to demonstrate this kind of technology, there is a lot of activity in this area. Prototypes are being built, and what we call aftermarket suppliers. There is a whole lot of information about this technology on both nits's website. Finally, we are actively involved automated vehicles and self driving cars. Kevin is going to talk a little bit more about that, but from nits's perspective, we are doing our best to address any regulatory barriers that would prevent this technology from moving for, while also ensuring it's done so in a Safeway. We hope to provide additional guidance on how automated vehicles can be introduced safely later in 2016. With that, I'm going to turn it over to car to talk a little bit about how this technology can also help with vehicle to infrastructure communication.

Deco very much. Good afternoon everyone. When we talk about connecting vehicles [ Indiscernible - static ]. Our vision is connected vehicles is the safety, it's really a transformational technology that is building an environment. An environment that would support the data flows to enable safety applications, applications devoted to his cot Road weather information, and potentially environmental application. Mobility applications. Is a very key to allowing us to address the tremendous hours of travel delay that Americans experience. And especially in our city environments. On the scope that we are looking at in the Smart city challenge, Rapid City rapid growing cities with ever-increasing traffic. How do we address that. How do we reduce this urban congestion and transform our environments to allow for better economic development, and for people to have a high quality of life. In addition as we do that, we hope to address this huge amount of wasted fuel. Some of it wasted through congestion but also poor driving habits. People not having information necessary to make good decisions about whether or not the light ahead of them warming green or whether it is suddenly going to change.

We do this, we reduce waste of fuel, [ Indiscernible - static ] and address submissions, helping the city's reduce their emissions levels and ensure they make clear air attempts.

In addition to these areas, the data flows through connected vehicles, cleaner vehicles, [ Indiscernible - static ], could support agencies in developing asset management applications. Road network applications [ Indiscernible - static ]. These are all capable through the data flow coming out of connected vehicles. Excellent news.

Part of our vision here when we talk about vehicle to infrastructure communication is really to enable these data flows can then determine the actionable information. Information that informs the driver about traffic conditions, about work zones, even about the status of the road condition. This information also is useful [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] having them to make decisions of whether or not to advance traffic signal controller to alter the Network Systems to optimize flow, thereby reducing the congestion in your area. We see opportunities for enhanced parking information systems that we feel will significantly reduce the amount of wasted travel within the city environment, thereby removing vehicle pulls thereby removing vehicles were people know where to directly park they are not looking for that open space.

All of this is dependent upon reliable communications between the vehicles, within the infrastructure itself to develop information, [ Indiscernible - static ], to enable applications. In support of this, FHWA has been working with our partners to develop guidance that we intend to release in early 2016.

This guidance I want to talk about is intended to go from FHWA to our partners, the state and local agencies to actually operate and maintain [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. In this slide you can see a brief outline of the topics that are covered under the guidance. [ Indiscernible - static ]. I can't understate how v21 can transform [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] and opportunities for them to have better information to hit to make to make decisions. We will also talk a little bit about the existing standards that are available now that might be required as part of [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. In chapter 2, general eligibility. The vast majority of any component, on a connected vehicle, falls under the category [ Indiscernible - static ]. We talk about general summary and a brief summary of all the programs.

Chapter 3 we get more into the guidance talking about the hardware and software components and how those devices would be needed to would needed to be certified.

We will address issues use of right away, use of public sector fleets, establish P threes, and then the underlying communication technologies will bring this altogether. And finally, talking specifically about the security and privacy in a cooperative ITS environment.

In addition to this basic guidance, the deployment guidance will include a series of products and tools to assist an agency that is looking to make a deployment on how to move forward. We anticipate static [ Indiscernible - static ], will be published in early 2016. It will be made available at the website that you see here. Along with the guidance that will be specific tools that will be made and developed by the end of this calendar year. These are not the end-all of all of these tools, they will be refined and improved, and additional products may be added.

The very first tools our systems engineering guide. Connected vehicles is an extension of the ITS system. ITS there's a requirement [ Indiscernible - static ]. We are not changing that we will enhance and improve guidance through agencies to let them understand the proper way to follow the systems.

We will we are working to go beyond these initial early deployments and actually incorporated into the planning process, the long-range planning process so agencies can readily see connected vehicles will be integrated into their master plans and how that would need to be incorporated because it would transform their actual city environment. [ Indiscernible - static ]. It doesn't become part of your overall [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ].

That will be instructions on how obtain an FCC licensing a dedicated short range transmitter. The roadside units will be site-specific transmitters that we need to follow Secretary guidance.

There is a message lexicon. They are used to control your infrastructure component, such as traffic signal lights. Now you're moving into a new realm where your infrastructure [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ], the vehicles are talking back.

There is guidance on some of these pre-deployment, on how you start setting up your process to be successfully how to successfully employ your applications.

What are some of the benefits in the economic impacts. Right now Astro is working on developing a near-term transition and phasing report. To help you through the steps and talk about some of the lessons that have been learned from the research to date. Finally, have all the training resources available to better understand the requirements for the deployment, the operation, and the maintenance of a connected vehicle system.

I want to give you a quick snapshot of the different type of applications that can be enabled through connected vehicles and communications. As you see here, a range of safety applications, the agency data applications that can assist in how you operate your roads, environment will environment, nobility. Some of these applications have been taken as far as [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. We have gone through and document them -- documented them. They clearly provided framework. Other applications, many of the safety applications have actually been taking off the prototype. These applications have actually gone through objective test to make sure they work as anticipated. There will be available for deploying in a smart city or another deployment.

There are other application for mobility such as [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] that have been developed and have been an open source and been placed on the US DOT open source application portal. The actual application [ Indiscernible - static ] along on long with information along with information on how to use it. I encourage you just look -- look and see if there applications you want to pull down.

The last slide, as we talked through this, here is a picture of how a deployment might happen. You see all of the different components. In the center you have the roadside unit. That is the hub for communications between the vehicles, pedestrians, and the back offices that are required to operate.

The key component of this, is the data exchange between all of these elements. Through the use dedicated short range communication, their upper opportunities to use other wireless, such as cellular Wi-Fi systems, our first focuses on safety. It's on reducing the number of fatalities, and crashes that occurred on the roadways. We need reliable, available communications with very low [ Indiscernible - static ]. Right now the system that provides that is the SRC -- VSRC. It has all the protocols to ensure that is available and reliable and work in a vehicle or environment -- environment.

However, the SRC is not only the communication does not only the -- it's not the only communication. If we are looking at Road weather application, cellular system, Wi-Fi systems, we need to really be very open as you approach this. Look specifically at the application and then make a decision as to which media would be used to support specific applications. As part of our vision, with connected vehicles, the SRC is a key component that should always be included in a deployment. With that, I'm going to hand it back to Brian to talk about other topics.

Thank you. We talked a lot about vehicle to vehicle, within that we tested a lot of those applications. We then moved on [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ], just this past September, we announced the selection of the connected vehicle pilot sites. That program we wanted to build in our experience from safety pilot, look at these other applications, look at how we can continue to spur early connected vehicle technology deployment, looking at how we can measure benefits, and look how we can resolve deployment issues. We built some prototype's, but we needed to get state and local agency more information about what works, how it works, and the benefit, and help also spur the industry in development of the technologies needed to provide a connected vehicle system.

In September, we announce a section of three locations. The first one was a partnership between ICF in Wyoming, looking at how we [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] to improve safety and reduce incident related delays. The focus is on the needs of the commercial vehicle operators, operating in and through the state of Wyoming.

We also announces section in New York City. They are looking to improve safety and mobility of travelers in the city and through the use of connected vehicle technologies. They are using both V2V and the two I.

In Tampa, they are looking at how they can alleviate congestion and improve safety during the morning commuting hours heading into Tampa. Deploy a variety of connected vehicle technologies on and in the vicinity of reversible express lanes in three major arterial to downtown Tampa. Tampa is looking to solve various transportation challenges through the implementation of vehicle technology.

Those cities are looking at various limitation, and later this year we will move into design and build, and then operations, shortly thereafter.

As we moved into the connected vehicle technology and development, we started to see the areas of smart cities. Do we bring all these critical systems between transportation, energy and the public servicing, public safety together. And determine how a smart city with a system to system and how we use different communications technology, to share data and look at how we can design the systems in cities to create opportunities through improving transportation mobility. How do we bring a connected city, with connected vehicles, connected citizen, whether this using a handheld device, a smart form, or other technology , connected vehicles together to enhance the operations of the system. Smart city seeks to maximize and leverage the benefits of connected transportation by integrating those transferred those transport services, vehicles and related technologies and data.

Smart cities and connected vehicles. Smart city should incorporate and expand connected transportation to ensure that connected data and technologies and applications are bound together along with the travelers, so that we can integrate the system slowly across the city to improve safety, mobility and environment. It's a complex system with interdependent aspects. Looking at how we can improve the multi-mobile multimodal the and improve the system.

These are some ideas on how you can bring some of these different technologies together. Look at how we can get data moving from vehicles over to cities to do performance measurement, and look at how they overall adjust to transportation operations [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. Looking at how we can use transit vehicles. And looking at how we can overall improved traffic signal operations through the use of connected vehicles.

Coral -- Carl, are you still on?

I don't know what happened.

I just got an alert that there has been an interruption.

I am able to advance the slides. Where on slide 24 we are on slide 24 right now.

Can someone from the chat pod can they put in as they could see the slides.

Sorry about that everybody. I'm not sure what happened.

We have some questions thinking about how connected vehicles you can think about how to use them. What are some of the critical issues and challenges. How can connected vehicle technologies, data and/or applications help address these issues. How will the integrated and connected nature of today's city be of critical importance to the success of the eventual deployment of connected vehicles. How to transportation services and connected vehicle technologies, data and application and effect with other sectors of the city. Who are the core stakeholders at the nexus of the connected traveler and the smart city cobbled inside and outside transportation.

We are back online.

Thanks, Brian.

A couple of main messages before we going to the details. There are lots [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. The general public is given images, so we are not mandating [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. There are lots of ways of dealing with problems in the urban environment. We are not requiring you to do anything specifically.

What we are looking for is this the tool to solve problems. The cities of the future can look distinctly addition different.

Some of the transportation could be [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ].

Life liberty and the pursuit of happiness. We are looking at automated vehicles have the potential to depreciate quite a bit. There is a possibility, and providing mobility, accessibility to a population that presently cannot drive or shouldn't drive as much. There are new benefits. Energy savings through [ Indiscernible - static ], or high performance vehicles. Here are a few examples.

All these benefits can come from automation. Connected vehicle programs increases -- you can get the full safety benefits [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. If you have vehicles offering close together the only technology proven so far [ Indiscernible - static ]. There may be other solutions in the future, but not right but right now you need it connectivity. Autonomous vehicles don't have to be connected. You can deliver mobility [ Indiscernible - static ]. Connected vehicles certainly are not [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. There's a natural synergy and bringing them together.

One description of the different [ Indiscernible - static ]. It's a has a version of this. A basically combines levels -- at the highest level is basically a vehicle would not need a stairwell or any controls. It would be a driverless vehicle. All the others in some conditions, either cannot operate or need to be driven by a human in the vehicle, or someone piloting.

Level one means one control function. Their products on the market now that have cruise control. Level II means the steering has some automation involved. At least six auto companies has provided this information. Level III there's a lot of research and development going on across the world, the, what would be on the highway, [ Indiscernible - static ]. Levels wanted to our -- levels one and two [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. States that have distracted driving laws, will not be able right now to be distracted.

Level for, -- level IV. Point-to-point, driverless.

I'm going to provide examples for each of these. This is a cover view, in the near term, say the next five years, things that are in -- things get things that [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ]. Operation of highways, some of the street operations, operating with regular vehicles, automated chauffeuring. This is the low-speed type of operations that have been demonstrated in a number of places around the world.

This is one example of level one connected automation. We have the longitudinal function coordinated. All the drivers are in the loop, they provide steering. [ Indiscernible - static ]. By using the V2 the technology. When the lead vehicle slows down or breaks, within a tiny fraction of a section -- second, the other ones will slowdown also. [ Indiscernible - static ]

This is for the government to assist in -- the government was putting some initial money and cut but it has a lot of potential mobility.

This is based on similar technology for close spacing. This is Echo glide path where information from the traffic signal are relayed to the vehicle by providing logic to no control -- logic to nickel --

Will provide this safe it -- safest most efficient approach to the lights. The Cardinals the light is going to change -- the car knows the light is going to change.

You want to keep up the momentum of the vehicle. Our departure from a stop traffic cyclical, if you have a coordinated departure, it clears the intersection must quicker than it does today.

Those were level one connected automations. This example is moving toward level for automation. The example being city mobile to which is a European research project that did operational demonstrations in eight or nine cities across Europe. The basic concept it was a pre-mapped area in most cases. It was in a tourist environment where low-speed operation would come in handy. These vehicles tend to operate below 50 miles an hour. Interacting with people and other vehicles well. They carry around 10,000 people. That is one that we see [ Indiscernible - static ].

This is another example that is based out of UK. This was demonstrated in the United States at the Museum of science and industry in Tampa. It was a low-speed operation. It operated on a general route.

Another example in this case it would be high-speed, this is a level III. It has not been done as a operational test. In Sweden in partnership with Volvo or do a demonstration in 2017 using [ Indiscernible - static ]. In good conditions on the highway the vehicle can drive himself itself, if there is a incident and had, it would be the driver to take control back. The safety feature of the driver [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] for the vehicle to go off the highway.

Here the various issues in the last two slides. There's a lot of promise for automation. But there a lot of challenges going for. Human factor -- doctors. In a sense it applies to all levels. Testing and certification complexity. Right now from a certification standpoint, it's based on design. In the future, we are looking at with a higher levels of motivation, we can't test for all the possible capabilities. That is still a unknown of how they would be certified. There will be updates periodically what updates have actually changed the vehicle for certification. Operations, I looted to some of the challenges. They have challenges and inclement weather, and unusual situations like work zones. It becomes a bigger challenge as the complexity of the traffic. Insecurity -- in security cotton potential vulnerabilities due to electronic controls and software.

Some of the challenges, certainly from a national standpoint for having different regulations in different states is going to be -- would lead to confusion.

The safety standards. Right now the general dichotomy is a federal views -- rules, as a driver becomes part of the design it's a question of where that authority then rest. User expectations -- when the driver needs to take over. Right now getting into rental cars is often a challenge where the windshield wiper is, the headlights, what the level automation it is , could be a future challenge. Data privacy, knowing is the driver ready to take control back, from a liability stamp or -- standpoint, did the driver actually take control.

In general, liability insurance challenges, this will change the auto insurance industry. We don't see any notable roadblocks. The legal system and insurance has adapted to it.

Good afternoon everyone. Them be talking about vision element 11, low cost efficient, secure, resilient.

It needs to depend upon information and communications technology in order for the public and personal perspective. In order for this technology to work in these environments, it needs to be resilient, secure and also incorporate appropriate levels of privacy protections.

I'm going to talk about some of the privacy and security concerns it in areas for Smart city demonstration to take into account. Also, some of the work the US DOT is doing.

When we talk about privacy, what we are talking about is any data that's emitted , collected or stored about individuals that potentially could identify a specific individual. This is typically call PII. Maintaining and storing this data needs to have appropriate protections in place to ensure that an individual's identity is not allowed it's not publicly expose, as a part of any of these demonstrations.

The Smart city demonstrators will need to determine exactly to what extent their systems are collected these PII data, and how you are going to secure the data, and use it for goals of the system while at the same time ensuring there is not exposure to the individuals participating.

Security, we talk about security is a broad term. In this case we are focusing on all the processes that you need in both the systems and infrastructure to protect against the tax on that system attacks on that system. Sites are expected to use industry best practices and they relate to objects and interfaces using their installations. The US DOT is developing a prototype security credential management system. This system will be available for use by any city, by any of the demonstration sites, and incorporate that into the design and concept. In addition to communication security, there is also physical and access security that is important as well. While it's not covered by the SCMS, any sites get it have to make sure it's addressed in a plan.

Why do we need communication security. Kevin and Bob previously spoke about automated vehicles in connected vehicles. In both of those cases, there is messages that is transmitted over the air from one vehicle to the next. In this type of system it is vital these messages that are received by a vehicle, ensure the message are real, and they are genuine, they come from a specific device and that the message is accurate. If it is not accurate, but does not come from actual proof or certified device, that can cause a whole host of issues with applications that use that message. Whether it's warning application or -- any of the systems that are deployed need two things. They need a method to determine that the sender of a message is trusted and improve to operate in the environment and see often authored -- on -- authenticity. They need method to prevent the messages from being spoofed or altered integrity.

These connected vehicle systems in any automated systems, read -- need authenticity.

All this has to be done without compromising privacy for the end-users. With at least two is a development of the security credential management systems. This is a proof of concept system that the work began in March 2015 and we expect to have first and one .0 of the system functional in September 2016. What's really important to know for the Smart city demonstrators is there will be a functional system at the end of September at the end of September 2016. Along the way the US DOT will be briefing out on the progress that we are making on developing the system. One the big deliverables that are coming up and we be hosting another webinar on, will be the interface protocols and how you interact with the system. In the January February timeframe, I will be hosting a more detail between [ Indiscernible ] that are requesting and receiving certificates from this particular system. The idea is the system will allow users to digitally sign any messages that they transmit over the air. Anyone who receives that message will be able to verify that the signature is valid. That bills the trust in the system. It allows the applications to function.

On this slide what I'm going to walk-through is how we envision managing and operating the security credential management system whenever it is completed. We have a functional one .0 version for deployment. What you see on the screen now are entities that each have a set of responsibilities. There will be a management function for this system an operation function and it continue refinement function. Refinement is going to be the continued development would bug systems and new system capabilities. The operations functions going to be operating the data center heaping the hardware and software up to date, and keeping it operational and ready for users to interact with. The management function is the one that is going to oversee the operations costs at the policies and procedures and allow manage the system is a gross over the next three years.

You see at the bottom how the deployment size, device developers and certification services.. Back they cannot assess their --

Was the devices are certified, the deployment sites will have the opportunity to purchase some of the site, and deploy them in their sites.

Once these devices are ready to be deployed, there will be some back-and-forth interaction with the security credential management system, where the deployment sites in the us and request and asked to be enrolled in the system, and be granted authority and to receive the security management system. This will allow the message they transmit to be digitally signed and trusted.

That covers communication security which is how -- one -- there is also as a security that needs to be handled within the devices that are deployed as well.

Typical things that will be covered under assess security is how are the security material stored internally. What type of access our users allowed. What are the username and password policies for authorized users. And also, what is the remote access protocols for these devices. All of these things go together to provide a set of access controls for particular device to ensure it prevents against threats.

Finally, there's also physical security. What controls will be put in place to prevent tampering with the device. There is various tamper evident protection such as seals, tape. There's also tamper resistant detections that has to do with software that is able to destroy any security materials before compromise, as well as specialized hardware on the device. These are the types of things of sites you really think about when you are thinking about your deployment, and thinking about what type of security controls you will have in place. What is your [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] what is your physical securement security look like With that all together and come up with security concept for yourself.

Back to Brian. Thank you Kevin. To add one thing, the department tested initial security credential management system is part of the Ann Arbor system pilot. We are now building this proof of concept system for the next three years while we have these pilots and demonstrations. However, this system will be operated potentially by the private sector when we going to full operation in the future. We are still in the research phase, we are building a system to enable us to continue to evolve to and show that is capable. Will see how things move from there.

I want to wrap up the webinar. We just completed the connected vehicle and automated vehicle security session tomorrow at one o'clock p.m. at one o'clock p.m.

On Monday we are going to go through the Smart city challenge application process the selection process to make sure everyone understands that. We have just added on January 6,@1130,@11:30 AM to one p.m. we are going to do urban [ Indiscernible - Participant too far away from the mic ] logistics. That information is available by tomorrow and how to register for that session through the same place as you got the information for the sessions.

With that, you can continue to get information about the Smart city city. You can send questions into Smart city challenge.

We are available to continue to have answer any questions. We are going to use the chat room function. I will handed over to participants on the call to ask if any questions that you may have. The coup very much.

We are working on the guidance that we can give you a month, but we are hoping he comes out in January. We will see how it goes.

[ Indiscernible - static ].

The level of detail on the SCMS detail.

You have 30 pages, and we are asking for high-level vision. We have talked about what our priority areas are in the notice. It is up to the applicants to look at that and determine how best to describe what you are trying to achieve. Will be more operant Trinity is were going to future phases of this.

Does one have to cover all 11 items.

What we said in the notice, we have identified our vision elements. We have asked people, if you look at the evaluation criteria, you need to explain back your vision to us and look at it. You need to choose -- how these vision areas address your challenges and what you need. We put the vision elements into priority so you understand what is important to us, but it is up to you to propose what you would like to achieve.

There is information about a lot of these different things as well.

Can counties apply?

There is a section that says state and local sections can all apply. There are certain criteria in the notice about population, that the applicants put out as a departments desired characteristics. They need to look at than the vision elements and propose a 60 -- as they see.

Someone constant grade concentrating [ Indiscernible - static ] with one of those have more consideration during the evaluation or considered equal?

I think we indicated the priority of the elements. We have also talked in the notice about having a holistic integrative view. As you look at the technical merit section cut we would talk more Monday --, we will talk more Monday, as we indicated, we are really looking at the best and brightest ideas that the cities can pull together. We have laid out some dish and different vision area that we've find important. We ask you to respond on that.

There is a question about other market segments.

Looking at electronic health records, they

Other industries -- face by other industries, we have looked at how data share, we are trying to look at other sectors of the city and how you can leverage some of those different things, we invited several speakers in -- from the mountain from the White House to talk a little bit about how data sharing in our ability has helped improve some of the segments of the industry.

Is a great question. I would say other sectors also. It's not just transport. One of the ways to view this in terms of a Smart city, and is is looking at connected vehicle as another sensor in the city. There are variety of data flows back and forth between transport and other industries, such as healthcare, public safety, education, etc. In terms of other industries, there is a great deal of activity now with smart grid. I think it has been a very interesting to watch that industry work with a variety of data flows, data sources our user needs, and actually work to create increasing interoperability now that electric vehicles are larger part of the equation. Hopefully, that is a bit helpful. We are looking at parallels in other industries to see what kinds of lessons we might learn. Asking folks and other industries about the benefits they have been seeing from interoperability, some challenging's they have been experiencing related to getting a successful level bowl -- level of interoperability.

I might also point out, with the security management system, those team did look at other industries such as the credit card industry, how to establish the lessons learned, his architecture team to good good look at requirements for interoperability as they developed the connected vehicle [ Indiscernible - static ]. We have certainly try to the greatest extent to use lessons learned for comparable activities. That is not to say we are going to be able to show a direct interconnection necessarily, [ Indiscernible - static ] was intentionally developed to promote interoperability -- interoperability by establishing a review of the interface that is required for the review [ Indiscernible - static ].

We do not see any more questions coming in. We will stay on a little bit longer. We thank you all for participating with us today and for being interested in the Smart city challenge. It is very important to the department and a great opportunity. We will continue with our sessions over the next couple of days. Any other less questions?

-- With that, I think who to our speakers and we look forward to engaging with you again tomorrow and Monday. Have a great day.

That concludes a conference for today. Thank you for your participation today. You may now disconnect.

[ Event Concluded ]