Toxicology Database (ToxDB)
As required by the Aviation Safety Research Act of 1988, Public Law 100-591 H.R. 4686 (or “H.R. 4686”), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) established the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI) which conducts civil aeromedical research under section 312(e) of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958. CAMI is responsible for enhancing human safety, security, and survivability in civilian aerospace operations. The Aviation Safety Research Act of 1988, Public Law 100-591 H.R. 4686 also authorizes CAMI to conduct toxicological analyses on specimens from, and pathologic studies on, aircraft accident and incident fatalities and non-fatalities. To accomplish this mission, CAMI established an aerospace medical research database, Toxicology Database (ToxDB), used to determine which medical and human performance factors play a role in aviation accidents/incidents. In addition, under an inter-agency reimbursable agreement between the FAA and the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) , CAMI also conducts ad-hoc toxicological testing on individuals who were involved in transportation accidents/incidents in the rail, bus, maritime, and highway sectors.
The FAA developed this Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) in accordance with the E-Government Act of 2002 because ToxDB collects Personally Identifiable Information (PII) on individuals involved in transportation accidents/incidents, individuals conducting autopsies, and FAA employees and contractors accessing the ToxDB to conduct toxicological analyses and testing services for the FAA, NTSB and other external organizations as needed. This PIA only addresses toxicological analyses on human specimens from individuals involved in an accident/incident and does not address records pertaining to the investigation of the accident/incident, which are maintained in other FAA systems.