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Funding Eligibility Definitions

This section provides definitions to help guide potential applicants through the funding programs listed in the Federal Funding Programs and Urban Electric Mobility Infrastructure Funding Table sections. The table below lists electric mobility-related activities that Federal programs can be used to fund:

Electric mobility-related activities and definitions
LDV Charging

Purchase and installation of EV charging infrastructure for light-duty vehicles (LDVs), primarily Level 2 and DCFC charging infrastructure. LDVs include passenger vehicles and light-duty trucks with a gross vehicle rating of 10,000 pounds or less. Cars, SUVs, and pickup trucks are examples of LDVs.

Public Transportation Charging

Purchase and installation of electric transit vehicle charging infrastructure as part of capital projects, most commonly for electric buses.

Commercial Charging Purchase and installation of EV charging infrastructure to support freight transportation, agricultural activities, and other commercial uses. Infrastructure under this category is specific to vehicles larger than LDVs (medium- and heavy-duty vehicles).
Micromobility Purchase and implementation of electric bicycles, electric scooters, and associated docks, equipment, and other capital costs.
Infrastructure Planning

Planning for EV charging infrastructure and related projects. Certain funding programs specify project planning (e.g., design, budget, engineering) as an eligible activity, separate from the implementation or acquisition activities.

Workforce Development Workforce development and training related to EV infrastructure.
Vehicle Acquisition EV acquisition (or replacements) and engine conversion for LDVs, transit vehicles (e.g., electric buses), or commercial EVs (e.g., freight trucks or agricultural equipment). (Note: this toolkit does not include funding programs exclusively intended for buying EVs; rather, this designation identifies which infrastructure-focused programs could also be used for buying EVs.)

The table below lists potential applicant types. Before applying, review each program’s webpage to understand specific eligibility requirements.

Eligible applicant types and definitions

State governments, agencies, and authorities (e.g., State departments of transportation, State energy offices, and interstate compacts), including those of Puerto Rico and U.S. territories.


Local and regional governments and agencies such as counties, municipalities, local law enforcement, and regional planning organizations.

Tribes Federally recognized Tribal governments.
Transportation Providers Transportation providers and operators such as airports, rail carriers, port authorities, transit providers, and private-sector transportation companies. (Note: Most transportation providers also qualify under another applicant type, since most providers are operated by either the State, local, or Tribal government or a private-sector provider. This category is used in the table for programs that specifically indicate “transportation providers” as an eligible party.)

Nonprofit organizations.

Private Sector Any privately owned business or organization that does not qualify as a nonprofit.
Individuals A person not operating as a representative of any of the stakeholders defined above.


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