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Electric Micromobility Basics

Electric micromobility includes any small, low-speed, electric-powered transportation device, including electric-assist bicycles (e-bikes), electric scooters (e-scooters), and other small, lightweight, wheeled electric-powered conveyances. The upfront capital cost of electric micromobility is less than that of battery electric vehicles (BEVs).


Electric micromobility devices are typically charged using common residential 120V AC outlets. Depending on micromobility device battery capacity and charger (cable or dock) specifications, charging times can range from 2.5 to 9 hours.

(An e-bike charging time calculator allows users to estimate charge duration based on battery capacity, level of discharge, and charger specification inputs.)


Micromobility range can be from 20 miles to more than 100 miles for an e-bike, and for e-scooters from an average of 12 miles to more than 30 miles. This market is also evolving rapidly; for example, an e-bike battery that can be charged in 20 minutes and an e-bike with a 300-mile range are available.


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