Bipartisan Infrastructure Law FAQs
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a generational investment in our nation’s infrastructure. It makes the largest investment in bridges since the interstate system was built, the largest investment in transit in U.S. history, the greatest investment in passenger rail since the creation of Amtrak, and the largest investment in EV infrastructure in U.S. history.
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) includes five-year reauthorization (FY22-26) of surface transportation programs and direct advanced appropriations. Total transportation funding in this five-year package is over $660 billion, including the following over five years:
- Federal Highway Administration: $365 billion
- Federal Transit Administration: $107 billion
- Federal Railroad Administration: $102 billion
- Federal Aviation Administration: $25 billion
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: $8 billion
- Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: $5 billion
- Maritime Administration: $2 billion
- Office of the Secretary of Transportation: $43 billion
They are the same! The IIJA is commonly referred to as the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. You may see either referenced across associated Department of Transportation websites.
President Biden signed the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law on November 15, 2021.
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law is estimated to support more than 700,000 new jobs a year. These new jobs include 175,000 manufacturing jobs, 175,000 construction jobs, and 100,000 transportation jobs.
- The BIL advances a wide variety of infrastructure investments that will reduce greenhouse emissions and bolster the resilience of our transportation infrastructure. The investments in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law will help foster American manufacturing of green technologies, create good-paying green jobs, and build better infrastructure that provides Americans with affordable, sustainable transportation options.
- Examples of BIL programs that support climate:
- EV charging. The BIL includes the first-ever Federal investment in electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure, investing $7.5 billion over five years. This funding will support the President’s goal of deploying 500,000 EV chargers by 2030 and ensure that electric vehicle owners are able to get where they need to go.
- Transit funding. The BIL provides $91.2 billion in mandatory transit funding and supplemental transit appropriations over five years—the largest investment in transit in American history. Improving our transit and rail systems will help provide accessible and enjoyable climate-friendly alternatives to driving and flying.
- Carbon Reduction Program. The BIL includes more than $6.4 billion over five years for a new formula Carbon Reduction Program specifically to reduce transportation-related emissions.
- PROTECT. The Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient, and Cost-saving Transportation (PROTECT) program, which provides $8.7 billion over five years to increase the resilience of our transportation system.
- Read more about Climate and Resilience in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law.
- The BIL investments will connect historically disadvantaged and underserved communities to jobs and economic opportunities, support climate justice by improving air quality and tackling climate change, and create good-paying jobs. Investments in the law will improve transportation for communities that have faced disinvestment in infrastructure, from Tribal Nations, rural areas, and U.S. territories.
- Examples of BIL programs that support equity:
- Transit funding. The BIL provides $91.2 billion in mandatory transit funding and supplemental transit appropriations over five years. Investments in transit will especially benefit communities of color since these households are twice as likely to take public transportation and many of these communities lack sufficient public transit options.
- All Stations Accessibility Program. The BIL will make transit more accessible for people with disabilities, including the All Stations Accessibility Program, which includes over $1.7 billion to upgrade the accessibility of legacy rail fixed guideway systems for people with disabilities, including those who use wheelchairs.
- Reconnecting Communities. The new Reconnecting Communities competitive grant program provides $1 billion to fund planning, design, and reconstruction of street grids, parks, or other infrastructure in neighborhoods that have been cut off from economic opportunities.
- Learn more about Equity in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law.
- The BIL more than doubles funding for surface transportation programs such as the Highway Safety Improvement Program that improve the safety of people and vehicles in our transportation system.
- The BIL invests $5 billion in the new Safe Streets and Roads for All program that will fund local efforts to reduce roadway crashes and fatalities through grants for planning and projects.